Coumadin - anticoagulant of indirect action. It is taken for treatment and prevention of a deep vein thrombosis and embolism of a pulmonary artery, the transitory ischaemic attacks and an ischemic stroke, secondary prevention of myocardial infarction and prevention of tromboembolic episodes after a myocardial infarction, prevention of tromboembolic episodes at patients with fibrillation of auricles, cardiac valve damage or with the fitted prosthesis heart valves.
An antimicrobial agent from the nitrofurans group, especially suitable for the treatment of urinary tract infections and prevention of infections after urologic surgery or examinations (cystoscopy, catheterization, etc.). The medicine disrupts the permeability of the cell membrane and protein synthesis in bacteria.
An anti-migraine drug. Used for emergency treatment to eliminate migraine, with aura as well. A selective agonist of 5-hydroxytryptamine 1D receptors. The effect can be observed within 30 minutes after the intake.
A symptomatic medication against vomiting and nausea of various origins. Used at vomiting caused by radiation therapy or cytotoxic drugs intake, hypotony and atony of the stomach and intestines, biliary dyskinesia, reflux esophagitis, flatulence, aggravation of gastric ulcer and duodenal gut, when performing contrast studies of the gastrointestinal tract. It reduces the moving activity of the esophagus, increases the tone of the lower esophageal sphincter, accelerates gastric emptying, and accelerates the movement of food through the small intestine without causing diarrhea. Stimulates the secretion of prolactin.
Meclizine has antihistaminic and anticholinergic properties. It is used for the prevention and symptomatic treatment of nausea, vomiting and dizziness.
Anticholinesterase agent; having a cholinesterase effect through a reversible acetylcholinesterase inhibition and enhancing the action of acetylcholine. Improves neuromuscular transmission, increases the motility of the gastrointestinal tract, increases the tone of urinary bladder, bronchi, the secretion of exocrine glands. Prescribed for myasthenia gravis, postoperative intestinal atony, atonic constipation, bladder atony, post-traumatic movement disorders; flaccid paralysis; residual explication of polio, encephalitis, violation of emptying the bladder after gynecological surgery and childbirth.
Methocarbamol – a muscle relaxant used to treat muscle spasms and pain. Its action is to block pain nerve impulses sent to the brain. The mechanism of action is not completely clear. The drug has no direct effect on skeletal muscles. It's likely that its effect is associated with sedative properties.
A receptors blocker angiotensin II (AT1 type). Has a vasodilating and hypotensive effect. Does not show the properties of the agonist of angiotensin receptors, does not affect the state of ionic channels involved in the regulation of SSS. Does not inhibit ACE. Decreases both systolic and diastolic blood pressure without affecting the pulse rate. The start of antihypertensive action is in 3 hours, a steady decrease of the blood pressure is in 4 weeks after the start of the treatment. The duration of the hypotensive effect after a single intake is 24 hours.
The oral hypoglycemic agent, derived from sulfonylureas of the II generation. Used in complex therapy with insulin to control the blood glucose levels daily in diabetes of the second type. Has pancreatic and extrapancreatic effects. Stimulates the secretion of insulin by lowering the threshold of pancreas beta cells’ stimulation by glucose, improves insulin sensitivity and the degree of its binding to target cells, increases insulin release, enhances the effect the insulin has on glucose uptake by muscle and liver, inhibits lipolysis in the adipose tissue.
A thiazide diuretic of the average intensity, applied in arterial hypertension, edema syndrome of different origin, gestosis and diabetes insipidus. Reduces reabsorption of Na+ at the level of the Henle loop cortical segment, without affecting its segment lying in the medulla of the kidney that detects a weaker diuretic effect compared with furosemide.
A peripheral vasodilator, blocks postsynaptic alpha1-adrenergic receptors and prevents the vasoconstrictive influence of catecholamines. It reduces pressure in the pulmonary veins and the right atrium significantly, it also reduces pulmonary vascular resistance moderately. The drug therapeutic indications include: arterial hypertension; CHF (in combination therapy), Raynaud's syndrome and disease, pheochromocytoma, peripheral vascular spasm on the background of poisoning with ergot alkaloids. Prostatic hyperplasia
Antibiotic with antitumor activity obtained from the Streptomyces caespitosus fungus. It inhibits DNA synthesis, in high concentrations it inhibits the synthesis of protein and RNA. Has a relatively weak immunosuppressive activity.
The drug therapeutic indications include: esophageal cancer, stomach cancer, pancreatic cancer, liver cancer, cancer of the bile ducts, cancer of the colon and rectum, breast cancer, cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, vulvar cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, mesothelioma, cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter, bladder cancer, prostate cancer, malignant tumors of the head and neck, chronic myelocytic leukemia.
Mobic is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, which has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic effect. It belongs to the class of oxicams; derived from the anoliefo acid. Used in symptomatic treatment of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis (Bekhterev's disease) and other inflammatory and degenerative diseases, accompanied by pain syndrome.
A combined medication used for edema syndrome of various origins and arterial hypertension. The effect is due to the components in its composition; it has diuretic and hypotensive effect. Hydrochlorothiazide is a diuretic of average power action, increases the excretion of Na+, Cl-, K+, Mg2+, bicarbonate; keeps Ca2+, uric acid in the body. Amiloride decreases the excretion of K+ and Mg2+. The combination of the drug components reduces the risk of hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia development.